Tarāwīḥ: Female Correcting a Male

If a female follows a male in tarāwīḥ and the male needs to be corrected, can the female correct the male? Before answering the question, we find in the Qur’an that Allāh has forbidden the pure wives of the Messenger of Allāh (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) to speak in a soft... Continue Reading →

Tarāwīḥ: Imāmat of a Woman

The four mainstream school of thoughts; namely, the Ḥanafī’s, Malikī’s, Shafīʿīs and Ḥanbalī’s, are all unanimous on the impermissibility of a woman leading a man in ṣalāh. It a man does perform ṣalāh behind a woman, the ṣalāh will be deemed invalid. If a woman performs ṣalāh behind a sane and mature woman, the ṣalāh... Continue Reading →

Tarāwīḥ: Imāmat of a Child

Child refers to someone who has not yet reached puberty. The permissibility of a child leading another child in ṣalāh is agreed upon. As for a child leading an adult, the fuqahā (jurists) have differed in their opinions. According to the Ḥanafī’s, Malikī’s, and the preferred opinion of the Ḥanbalī’s, the ṣalāh of a person... Continue Reading →

Tarāwīḥ: Completing the Qur’an

According to the Hanbalī’s and the majority of the Ḥanafī’s (as mentioned in the narration of Ḥasan from Imām Abū Ḥanīfah), it is sunnah to complete the entire Qur’an in tarāwīḥ, so that the people may complete the entire Qur’an by listening to it. Then according to the Ḥanafī’s, it is sunnah to complete the... Continue Reading →

Tarāwīḥ: Congregation

Performing tarāwīḥ in congregation is substantiated and sunnah according to the majority of fuqahā (jurists). However, according to the Ḥanafī’s, performing tarāwīḥ in congregation is sunnah ala-l kifāyah (communal sunnah). Therefore, if all the people of a community omit congregating, they will all be blameworthy. On the other hand, if the entire community does not... Continue Reading →

Tarāwīḥ: Time Period & Making Up For It

According to the majority of fuqahā (jurists), the time for tarāwīḥ remains from ishā until subh sādiq (true dawn). It is sunnah to perform tarāwīḥ before witr. If tarāwīḥ is performed after witr, then the authoritative opinion of the Ḥanafī’s is that tarāwīḥ will still be valid. If tarāwīḥ is not performed before sunrise, it’s... Continue Reading →

Tarāwīḥ: Performing Sitting Down

Many prophetic narrations mention half the reward for a person who performs sunnah or nafl ṣalāh. As such, according to the most reliable opinion it is permissible to perform tarāwīḥ sitting down without an excuse is permissible (as standing in tarāwīḥ is not obligatory). However, performing while standing is mustaḥabb (recommended). If, due to an... Continue Reading →

Tarāwīḥ: Performing Four Rakaʿāt’s (units) or More with One Salām

According to the Ḥanafī’s, it is better to perform tarāwīḥ in sets of 2 rakaʿāt’s (units) with salām at the completion of every 2 rakaʿāt’s (units). If 4 rakaʿāt’s (units) are performed with one salām, while doing qa’dah (sitting) in the second rakaʿāt (unit), this will be also permissible according to the Ḥanafī’s. If one... Continue Reading →

Tarāwīḥ: Number of Rakaʿāt’s (units)

According to the majority of fuqahā (jurists) and the ummah, the number of rakaʿāt’s (units) for tarāwīḥ is 20. Similarly, 20 rakaʿāt’s (units) have been reported from the majority of the Sahabah (companions) and the Khulafā e-Rāshidīn (rightly guided caliphs). According to the Mālikī’s, tarāwīḥ is either 20 or 36 rakaʿāt’s (units). One has a... Continue Reading →

Tarāwīḥ: It’s Intention

According to the Shafīʿīs, Ḥanbalī’s, and some Ḥanafī’s, making a specific intention for “tarāwīḥ” or the “standing of ramadhan” is necessary. Consequently, a general intention (of performing ṣalāh) will not suffice. On the other hand, the majority of Ḥanafī’s have ruled that a general intention will suffice for all types of sunnah ṣalāh. One ought... Continue Reading →

Tarāwīḥ: It’s Ruling and Legal Status

The Fuqahā (jurists) are unanimous on the ruling of tarāwīḥ in the month of Ramadhan as ‘sunnah’. The Ḥanafī’s, Ḥanbalī’s and some Malikī’s have ruled it as sunnah mua’kaddah (emphasised). Tarāwīḥ is sunnah for men and women alike, and is from among the salient features of Islam. The Shafīʿīs opine that tarāwīḥ is sunnah but... Continue Reading →

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