Tarāwīḥ: Female Correcting a Male

If a female follows a male in tarāwīḥ and the male needs to be corrected, can the female correct the male? Before answering the question, we find in the Qur’an that Allāh has forbidden the pure wives of the Messenger of Allāh (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) to speak in a soft... Continue Reading →

Tarāwīḥ: Time Period & Making Up For It

According to the majority of fuqahā (jurists), the time for tarāwīḥ remains from ishā until subh sādiq (true dawn). It is sunnah to perform tarāwīḥ before witr. If tarāwīḥ is performed after witr, then the authoritative opinion of the Ḥanafī’s is that tarāwīḥ will still be valid. If tarāwīḥ is not performed before sunrise, it’s... Continue Reading →

Tarāwīḥ: Performing Four Rakaʿāt’s (units) or More with One Salām

According to the Ḥanafī’s, it is better to perform tarāwīḥ in sets of 2 rakaʿāt’s (units) with salām at the completion of every 2 rakaʿāt’s (units). If 4 rakaʿāt’s (units) are performed with one salām, while doing qa’dah (sitting) in the second rakaʿāt (unit), this will be also permissible according to the Ḥanafī’s. If one... Continue Reading →

Tarāwīḥ: Number of Rakaʿāt’s (units)

According to the majority of fuqahā (jurists) and the ummah, the number of rakaʿāt’s (units) for tarāwīḥ is 20. Similarly, 20 rakaʿāt’s (units) have been reported from the majority of the Sahabah (companions) and the Khulafā e-Rāshidīn (rightly guided caliphs). According to the Mālikī’s, tarāwīḥ is either 20 or 36 rakaʿāt’s (units). One has a... Continue Reading →

Tarāwīḥ: It’s Intention

According to the Shafīʿīs, Ḥanbalī’s, and some Ḥanafī’s, making a specific intention for “tarāwīḥ” or the “standing of ramadhan” is necessary. Consequently, a general intention (of performing ṣalāh) will not suffice. On the other hand, the majority of Ḥanafī’s have ruled that a general intention will suffice for all types of sunnah ṣalāh. One ought... Continue Reading →

Tarāwīḥ: It’s Ruling and Legal Status

The Fuqahā (jurists) are unanimous on the ruling of tarāwīḥ in the month of Ramadhan as ‘sunnah’. The Ḥanafī’s, Ḥanbalī’s and some Malikī’s have ruled it as sunnah mua’kaddah (emphasised). Tarāwīḥ is sunnah for men and women alike, and is from among the salient features of Islam. The Shafīʿīs opine that tarāwīḥ is sunnah but... Continue Reading →

The Ramadhan Challenge

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Eating: Etiquettes & Supplications [53-58]

53. Any leftover food on utensils and cutlery should be licked and eaten, and anything liquid should be drunk. This is a means of great blessing and virtue. Anas (r.a.) narrates: “When the Messenger of Allāh (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) ate, he would lick his three fingers, and he would say:... Continue Reading →

Eating: Etiquettes & Supplications [47-50]

47. Abstain from any speech or action which will cause disgust and revulsion to others around. 48. Avoid spitting or blowing the nose in the presence of others. If the need arises, it may be done whereby others are not inconvenienced. 49. If the need to sneeze arises, one should turn away from the food... Continue Reading →

Eating: Etiquettes & Supplications [43-46]

43. During meals, bones and other waste items should be kept together in one place. Scattering them in various places is discourteous and unmannerly, and a cause of difficulty for others. 44. While eating, the mind should be kept free from worrying and unnecessary thoughts. 45. Talking excessively and uncontrollably laughing while eating should be... Continue Reading →

Eating: Etiquettes & Supplications [40-42]

40. It is vital to ensure that no food goes to waste, whether it is one’s own food or someone else’s; rather, wasting another’s property entails double wrongdoing even if the owner permits it. Food should be saved from falling on the ground and that which has fallen, and is suitable for eating should be... Continue Reading →

Eating: Etiquettes & Supplications [37-39]

37. It is from the respect and etiquette of food that the area or dastarkhān (a tablecloth which is spread on the ground) in which it is placed, is clean. This will ensure that the food does not spoil and if any food falls, it will be suitable to pick up and eat. 38. The... Continue Reading →

Eating: Etiquettes & Supplications [33-36]

33. The entire hand along with the fingers should not be immersed into the food. This is a sign of being uncultured. 34. It is recommended that one uses only three fingers of the right hand when eating; namely, the thumb, index, and middle finger. It is narrated from Kab bin Mālik (r.a.) that the... Continue Reading →

Eating: Etiquettes & Supplications [28-32]

28. It is sunnah to eat with the hands. However, if someone eats with a spoon then there is no sin, though one will not acquire the virtue of eating with the hands, except that the food is difficult to eat with the hands, or there is an excuse for not using the hand (like... Continue Reading →

Eating: Etiquettes & Supplications [26-27]

26. Only the right hand should be used for eating. However, if the need arises to use the left hand, it may be used to assist the right hand; keeping the right hand as primary and the left as secondary. To eat with the left hand is highly detestable and the way of Shaytan. It... Continue Reading →

Eating: Etiquettes & Supplications [22-25]

22. The sunnah of reciting ‘bismillāh’ before eating is general for men, women, one in the state of major ritual impurity and a menstruating woman. 23. If one forgets to recite ‘bismillah’ before eating, then during the meal, whenever one remembers, one should recite, بِسْمِ اللَّهِ أَوَّلَهُ وَآخِرَهُ or بِسْمِ اللَّهِ فِي أَوَّلِهِ وَآخِرِهِ. This... Continue Reading →

Eating: Etiquettes & Supplications [20-21]

20. In most prophetic narrations, there is explicit mention of taking the name of Allāh with the words, ‘bismillāh’. It is narrated from Aisha (r.a.) that the Messenger of Allāh (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) said: “When one of you eats food, then let him say: ‘bismillah’. If he forgets in the... Continue Reading →

Eating: Etiquettes & Supplications [19]

19. It is sunnah to say ‘bismillāh’ before eating. It is a means of blessings and goodness, and a strong barrier for Shaytan from partaking of the food. Huḍayfah (r.a.) narrates that the Messenger of Allāh (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) said: “The devil considers the food upon which Allah’s name (bismillah)... Continue Reading →

Eating: Etiquettes & Supplications [17-18]

17. To wear shoes while eating is contradictory to the sunnah method. Though it may not be a sin, but it is similar to the style of those who are non-Muslim and that of the arrogant. As a result, one should abstain from making this a habit. However, in cases of necessity, one may eat... Continue Reading →

Eating: Etiquettes & Supplications [15-16]

15. It is desirable that one sits on the floor to eat while the food is placed on a clean cloth. It is preferred that one is level with the food, neither the food or the person eating should be higher or lower than one another. The normal practice of the Messenger of Allāh (may... Continue Reading →

Eating: Etiquettes & Supplications [14]

14. The Messenger of Allāh disliked to eat while leaning. Abū Juḥayfah (r.a.) narrates that the Messenger of Allāh (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) said, "I do not eat my meals while leaning (against something).” (Bukhārī) Abdullah ibn ‘Amr ibn al-‘Āṣ (r.a.) narrates that: “The Messenger of Allāh (may Allah bless him... Continue Reading →

Eating: Etiquettes & Supplications [11-12]

11. Ḥuḍayfah (r.a.) mentions that when we would eat with the Messenger of Allāh (may Allah bless him and grant him peace), we would not begin to eat until the Messenger of Allāh (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) would begin. (Muslim) Thābit bin Abī Idrīs (r.a) narrates a mursal ḥadīth (transmitted by... Continue Reading →

Eating: Etiquettes & Supplications [6-10]

6. In normal circumstances, both hands should be washed until the wrists as prophetic narrations make mention of the hands or the palms. For this reason, some scholars have made washing merely the fingers or just one hand, as insufficient. However, if someone suffices only on washing that part of the hand which will be... Continue Reading →

Eating: Etiquettes & Supplications [1-5]

1. Sustenance is a great bounty and blessing of Allāh. It was the practice of the Messenger of Allāh (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) to praise Allāh upon the blessing of food after eating. Consequently, when the tablecloth would be lifted, he would say the following: الحَمْدُ للهِ حَمْدا ً كَثِيْرا ً... Continue Reading →

The Fiqh of Performing Salah on a Chair [With Summary]

A must-read for ʿulamā and those who use a chair when performing ṣalāh. In recent times, we have seen a rise in the use of chairs in the masājid and as a result the masājid have been flooded with chairs. Many have resorted to its use for insignificant and trivial reasons; reasons many fuqahā (jurists)... Continue Reading →

Every Sajdah Counts!

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ ‏إِذَا جِئْتُمْ إِلَى الصَّلاَةِ وَنَحْنُ سُجُودٌ فَاسْجُدُوا وَلاَ تَعُدُّوهَا شَيْئًا وَمَنْ أَدْرَكَ الرَّكْعَةَ فَقَدْ أَدْرَكَ الصَّلاَةَ ‏‏‏ Abu Hurairah reported that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, "When you come to pray and we are prostrating, you must join in prostration, but do not reckon this prostration as part of your Ṣalāh (i.e. a rak’ah). Whoever joins the imam in rukū’, he has been present at the prayer. [Abū... Continue Reading →

He is Not From Amongst Us [Laysa Minna] – Opinions of Scholars

Below we will discuss and cite the opinions of ḥādīth scholars to help us understand the broad meaning of “he is not from amongst us” [laysa minna]. Opinion of Imam Tirmidhī ؒ Imam Tirmidhī states that, “laysa minna”, he is not from amongst us, means that he is not upon our methodology and [taught] etiquette.”... Continue Reading →

He is Not From Amongst Us [Laysa Minna] – Introduction

During his lifetime, Rasūlullāh ﷺ guided his followers by enjoining good and prohibiting evil. This was achieved through various methods, such as, mentioning virtues and promises or admonishments and punishments.  In future posts we aim to reproduce aḥādīth containing a specific style of admonishment where Rasūlullāh ﷺ warned from certain actions with the phrase “he is not... Continue Reading →

The Boundary of the Beard (Detailed)

The beard is known as ‘Liḥyah’ in the Arabic language. In Arabic, the words laḥyun and liḥyun refer to the jawbone. The jawbone consists of a movable lower jaw (mandible) and fixed upper jaw (maxilla). For this reason, the hair which grows on these two bones is known as liḥyah, also known as the jawbone.... Continue Reading →

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