Nūḥ (ʿalayhi s-salām): The Prophet Who Built a Boat [Simplified for Ages 6+]

Click to Download PDF The Story of Nūḥ (ʿalayhi s-salām) Today you will learn about the life of one of the best people that ever lived. This was a man sent by Allāh. You will learn why they were sent and what lessons we can learn from their lives. They were known as the Prophets... Continue Reading →

Ādam (ʿalayhi s-salām): The First Prophet [Simplified for Ages 6+]

Click to Download PDF The Story of Ādam (ʿalayhi s-salām) Today you will learn about the life of one of the best people that ever lived. This was a man sent by Allāh. You will learn why they were sent and what lessons we can learn from their lives. They were known as the Prophets... Continue Reading →

Eating: Etiquettes & Supplications [47-50]

47. Abstain from any speech or action which will cause disgust and revulsion to others around. 48. Avoid spitting or blowing the nose in the presence of others. If the need arises, it may be done whereby others are not inconvenienced. 49. If the need to sneeze arises, one should turn away from the food... Continue Reading →

Eating: Etiquettes & Supplications [43-46]

43. During meals, bones and other waste items should be kept together in one place. Scattering them in various places is discourteous and unmannerly, and a cause of difficulty for others. 44. While eating, the mind should be kept free from worrying and unnecessary thoughts. 45. Talking excessively and uncontrollably laughing while eating should be... Continue Reading →

Eating: Etiquettes & Supplications [40-42]

40. It is vital to ensure that no food goes to waste, whether it is one’s own food or someone else’s; rather, wasting another’s property entails double wrongdoing even if the owner permits it. Food should be saved from falling on the ground and that which has fallen, and is suitable for eating should be... Continue Reading →

Eating: Etiquettes & Supplications [37-39]

37. It is from the respect and etiquette of food that the area or dastarkhān (a tablecloth which is spread on the ground) in which it is placed, is clean. This will ensure that the food does not spoil and if any food falls, it will be suitable to pick up and eat. 38. The... Continue Reading →

Eating: Etiquettes & Supplications [33-36]

33. The entire hand along with the fingers should not be immersed into the food. This is a sign of being uncultured. 34. It is recommended that one uses only three fingers of the right hand when eating; namely, the thumb, index, and middle finger. It is narrated from Kab bin Mālik (r.a.) that the... Continue Reading →

Eating: Etiquettes & Supplications [28-32]

28. It is sunnah to eat with the hands. However, if someone eats with a spoon then there is no sin, though one will not acquire the virtue of eating with the hands, except that the food is difficult to eat with the hands, or there is an excuse for not using the hand (like... Continue Reading →

Eating: Etiquettes & Supplications [26-27]

26. Only the right hand should be used for eating. However, if the need arises to use the left hand, it may be used to assist the right hand; keeping the right hand as primary and the left as secondary. To eat with the left hand is highly detestable and the way of Shaytan. It... Continue Reading →

Eating: Etiquettes & Supplications [22-25]

22. The sunnah of reciting ‘bismillāh’ before eating is general for men, women, one in the state of major ritual impurity and a menstruating woman. 23. If one forgets to recite ‘bismillah’ before eating, then during the meal, whenever one remembers, one should recite, بِسْمِ اللَّهِ أَوَّلَهُ وَآخِرَهُ or بِسْمِ اللَّهِ فِي أَوَّلِهِ وَآخِرِهِ. This... Continue Reading →

Eating: Etiquettes & Supplications [20-21]

20. In most prophetic narrations, there is explicit mention of taking the name of Allāh with the words, ‘bismillāh’. It is narrated from Aisha (r.a.) that the Messenger of Allāh (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) said: “When one of you eats food, then let him say: ‘bismillah’. If he forgets in the... Continue Reading →

Eating: Etiquettes & Supplications [19]

19. It is sunnah to say ‘bismillāh’ before eating. It is a means of blessings and goodness, and a strong barrier for Shaytan from partaking of the food. Huḍayfah (r.a.) narrates that the Messenger of Allāh (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) said: “The devil considers the food upon which Allah’s name (bismillah)... Continue Reading →

Eating: Etiquettes & Supplications [17-18]

17. To wear shoes while eating is contradictory to the sunnah method. Though it may not be a sin, but it is similar to the style of those who are non-Muslim and that of the arrogant. As a result, one should abstain from making this a habit. However, in cases of necessity, one may eat... Continue Reading →

Eating: Etiquettes & Supplications [15-16]

15. It is desirable that one sits on the floor to eat while the food is placed on a clean cloth. It is preferred that one is level with the food, neither the food or the person eating should be higher or lower than one another. The normal practice of the Messenger of Allāh (may... Continue Reading →

Eating: Etiquettes & Supplications [14]

14. The Messenger of Allāh disliked to eat while leaning. Abū Juḥayfah (r.a.) narrates that the Messenger of Allāh (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) said, "I do not eat my meals while leaning (against something).” (Bukhārī) Abdullah ibn ‘Amr ibn al-‘Āṣ (r.a.) narrates that: “The Messenger of Allāh (may Allah bless him... Continue Reading →

Eating: Etiquettes & Supplications [13]

13. Food should be consumed while seated in a state of utter humility. A posture which displays pride and haughtiness should be avoided. The following statement of the Messenger of Allāh (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) is recorded in aḥadīth, “I eat like a servant and slave (i.e. with humility) and I... Continue Reading →

Eating: Etiquettes & Supplications [11-12]

11. Ḥuḍayfah (r.a.) mentions that when we would eat with the Messenger of Allāh (may Allah bless him and grant him peace), we would not begin to eat until the Messenger of Allāh (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) would begin. (Muslim) Thābit bin Abī Idrīs (r.a) narrates a mursal ḥadīth (transmitted by... Continue Reading →

Eating: Etiquettes & Supplications [6-10]

6. In normal circumstances, both hands should be washed until the wrists as prophetic narrations make mention of the hands or the palms. For this reason, some scholars have made washing merely the fingers or just one hand, as insufficient. However, if someone suffices only on washing that part of the hand which will be... Continue Reading →

Eating: Etiquettes & Supplications [1-5]

1. Sustenance is a great bounty and blessing of Allāh. It was the practice of the Messenger of Allāh (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) to praise Allāh upon the blessing of food after eating. Consequently, when the tablecloth would be lifted, he would say the following: الحَمْدُ للهِ حَمْدا ً كَثِيْرا ً... Continue Reading →

Eating: Etiquettes & Supplications [Introduction]

“Eat and drink [freely]. But do not be excessive.” (Sūrah al Aʿrāf: 31) In the above verse, after being granted permission to eat, the permission has been conditioned with a sentence which encompasses all Islamic and medicinal principles: “Do not be excessive”. Many prophetic narrations also address this subject matter. ʿAmr bin Shuʿayb has narrated... Continue Reading →

Making Up the Two Rakaʿāt’s (units) Before Fajr

Until the time of a ṣalāh remains, the time for the performance of sunnah ṣalāh still remains. However, after the time of a ṣalāh elapses, the sunnah ṣalāh of that subsequent ṣalāh will not be made up. This is because prophetic narrations generally do not have mention and guidance of making up sunnah ṣalāh. Nevertheless,... Continue Reading →

Two Rakaʿāt’s (units) Before Fajr

There are two rakaʿāt’s (units) of ṣalāh which hold the status of sunnah mu’akaddah (emphasised) before the fajr ṣalāh which are greatly emphasised. It is narrated from Aisha (r.a.) that: “The Messenger of Allāh (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) used to offer two light rakaʿāt’s (units) of ṣalāh between the adhān and... Continue Reading →

The Number of Sunnah Mu’akaddah (Emphasised) Rakaʿāt’s [Concise]

The fuqahā (jurists) have differed in their opinion on the number of rakaʿāt’s (units) which hold the status of sunnah mu’akaddah (emphasised) during the day and night. Some have suggested 10 rakaʿāt’s (units) which hold the status of sunnah mu’akaddah (emphasised). These are: 2 before the fajr ṣalāh, 2 before the zuhr ṣalāh, 2 after... Continue Reading →

Īṣāl e-Thawāb (Donating Reward) – Which Action is More Virtuous?

Question: Which action is the most virtuous and beneficial for īṣāl e-thawāb (donating reward) to the deceased? Answer: Ultimately, one should spend in avenues which are in dire necessity. There is no doubt that giving money in cash is most beneficial for the poor and needy as it can be utilised by them in any... Continue Reading →

Īṣāl e-Thawāb (Donating Reward) – Farḍ & Wājib Acts

Question: Apart from voluntary actions, is it permissible to donate the reward of farḍ & wājib acts? Answer: There is no doubt in the permissibility of īṣāl e-thawāb (donating reward) for optional deeds. Whether farḍ & wājib acts are permissible to donate? The scholars have differed in their opinions. However, many have opined towards its... Continue Reading →

Īṣāl e-Thawāb (Donating Reward) – For Rasūlullāh ‎ﷺ

Question: Is it correct to donate reward to Rasūlullāh ‎ﷺ when his status is highly elevated and he is not in need of īṣāl e-thawāb (donating reward)? Answer: In some cases the objective of īṣāl e-thawāb (donating reward) is the elevation of status for another person, and sometimes to repay favours which another has conferred... Continue Reading →

Īṣāl e-Thawāb (Donating Reward) – Full Reward or Shared?

Question: When doing īṣāl e-thawāb (donating reward) to multiple individuals, will the reward be split among them, or will they receive the full reward? Answer: Whether the intended individuals receive the reward in full or it is divided, the scholars have both opinions in this regard. The vast mercy and compassion of Allāh demands that... Continue Reading →

Īṣāl e-Thawāb (Donating Reward) – For Multiple People

Question: Is īṣāl e-thawāb (donating reward) valid to multiple people? Answer: It is permissible to donate reward to multiple people, and there is no objection in this; rather, it is more virtuous to donate reward to all Muslims. Consequently, Rasūlullāh ‎ﷺ sacrificed a ram on behalf of the entire ummah and donated it’s reward to... Continue Reading →

Īṣāl e-Thawāb (Donating Reward) – Reward for the Donator

Question: When a person donates reward to another, does the donator receive any reward? Answer: After a in-depth study of prophetic narrations, we learn that the one donating reward is also not deprived of reward. Reward is recorded in the book of deeds of the donator and no reward will be decreased, rather more reward... Continue Reading →

Īṣāl e-Thawāb (Donating Reward) – It’s Method

Question: Some individuals hold the belief that in order for īṣāl e-thawāb (donating reward) to occur, a pious individual must be made a medium. What is the method of īṣāl e-thawāb (donating reward) and can one donate reward himself? Answer: The method of īṣāl e-thawāb (donating reward) is fairly easy. While doing a good action... Continue Reading →

Īṣāl e-Thawāb (Donating Reward) – For the Living & the Dead

Question: Is īṣāl e-thawāb (donating reward) valid for the living and dead, or only the dead? Answer: Īṣāl e-thawāb (donating reward) is not prescribed only for the dead, it may be done even for living Muslims. The reason is īṣāl e-thawāb (donating reward) is done of that action for which the doer receives reward, and... Continue Reading →

Īṣāl e-Thawāb (Donating Reward) – It’s Conditions

Question: What are the conditions for the validity of īṣāl e-thawāb (donating reward)? Answer: When another person is donated reward, it is necessary that the donator receives reward before they can donate to another. For that reason, īṣāl e-thawāb (donating reward) has a few primary conditions for it it be valid. Until they are not... Continue Reading →

Īṣāl e-Thawāb (Donating Reward) – It’s Benefits

Question: When rewards are donated to another Muslim, how do they benefit? Answer: When reward is donated to a Muslim, they receive the reward of the good action, and good actions result in the lessening of punishment and elevation in status. Hence, by donating rewards to a deceased Muslim who is being punished, their punishment... Continue Reading →

The Fiqh of Performing Salah on a Chair [With Summary]

A must-read for ʿulamā and those who use a chair when performing ṣalāh. In recent times, we have seen a rise in the use of chairs in the masājid and as a result the masājid have been flooded with chairs. Many have resorted to its use for insignificant and trivial reasons; reasons many fuqahā (jurists)... Continue Reading →

Eating Only Gourd for 15 Years

Anas bin Malik narrates that, “A tailor invited Rasūlullāh ‎ﷺ to a meal which he had prepared. ” Anas bin Malik said, “I accompanied Rasūlullāh ‎ﷺ to that meal. He served Rasūlullāh ‎ﷺ with bread and soup made with gourd and dried meat. I saw Rasūlullāh ‎ﷺ taking the pieces of gourd from the dish.”... Continue Reading →

Every Sajdah Counts!

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ ‏إِذَا جِئْتُمْ إِلَى الصَّلاَةِ وَنَحْنُ سُجُودٌ فَاسْجُدُوا وَلاَ تَعُدُّوهَا شَيْئًا وَمَنْ أَدْرَكَ الرَّكْعَةَ فَقَدْ أَدْرَكَ الصَّلاَةَ ‏‏‏ Abu Hurairah reported that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, "When you come to pray and we are prostrating, you must join in prostration, but do not reckon this prostration as part of your Ṣalāh (i.e. a rak’ah). Whoever joins the imam in rukū’, he has been present at the prayer. [Abū... Continue Reading →

He is Not From Amongst Us [Laysa Minna] – Opinions of Scholars

Below we will discuss and cite the opinions of ḥādīth scholars to help us understand the broad meaning of “he is not from amongst us” [laysa minna]. Opinion of Imam Tirmidhī ؒ Imam Tirmidhī states that, “laysa minna”, he is not from amongst us, means that he is not upon our methodology and [taught] etiquette.”... Continue Reading →

He is Not From Amongst Us [Laysa Minna] – Introduction

During his lifetime, Rasūlullāh ﷺ guided his followers by enjoining good and prohibiting evil. This was achieved through various methods, such as, mentioning virtues and promises or admonishments and punishments.  In future posts we aim to reproduce aḥādīth containing a specific style of admonishment where Rasūlullāh ﷺ warned from certain actions with the phrase “he is not... Continue Reading →

An Entire Worlds Worth…

مَنْ أَصْبَحَ مِنْكُمْ آمِنًا فِي سِرْبِهِ ، مُعَافًى فِي جَسَدِهِ ، عِنْدَهُ قُوتُ يَوْمِهِ ، فَكَأَنَّمَا حِيزَتْ لَهُ الدُّنْيَا The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: “Whoever among you wakes up in the morning secured in his dwelling (not fearing an enemy), healthy in his body (with no illness or sickness), having his food for the... Continue Reading →

Remembering the Muslims of Kashmir with a Powerful Prophetic Supplication

The tragic circumstances and oppressions Kashmir's Muslims are still facing to this day is a sad reality for the Muslim world, where Kashmiri Muslims are being treated "little better than cattle". In such times, we are reminded of the devastating incident of Taif which occurred with Rasūlullāh ﷺ. The Devastating Incident of Taif After a... Continue Reading →

Join the Hājī’s in Their Supplications

Reaching the end of the blessed days of Ḥajj, the Ḥājī’s are returning home from their spiritual journey. One can imagine the innumerable and countless duʿā’s millions of Ḥājī’s must have made during their blessed journey. It is only our wish that we were granted all those blessings and favours they were showered with as... Continue Reading →

Residents of the City of the Beloved

Haḍrat Mawlānā Khalīl Ahmad Sahāranpūrī ؒ would respect and admire the people of Arabia to a great extent. This respect and admiration would double for the residents of Madinah Munawarrah. If any of his associates would argue with conveyance owners, he would become furious and enraged, remarking that people underestimate their value and are unaware... Continue Reading →

The Wisdom Behind Abstaining From Trimming Hair and Nails In Dhul-Hijjah

Rasūlullāh ﷺ mentions: “When anyone of you intends to sacrifice the animal and enters in the month of Ḍhul-Ḥijjah, he should not get his hair cut or nails pared till he has offered his sacrifice.” (Muslim 1977) It is mustahabb (recommended) for the one who intends to sacrifice an animal on ʿīd al-aḍḥā to abstain... Continue Reading →

Hajj: A Journey Full of Reminders [Concise]

Shaykh-ul-Ḥadīth Haḍrat Mawlānā Muḥammad Zakariyyah Kandelwhī states that, “Every step that we take towards the blessed lands of Makkah Mukarramah on this blessed journey bears many reminders from which a believer should take lesson from. Below are a few: 1) As we embark on this great journey we leave everything behind. Similarly, we will leave... Continue Reading →

Being Extremely Mindful of Guests

Mawlānā Rashīd-ul-Waḥīd recounts that, if anyone ever acted rudely or harshly with the guests of Shaykh-ul-Islam Mawlānā Ḥusain Aḥmad Madanī, he would be left enraged and furious. There was once a man who remained as a guest for approximately two months. He neither performed ṣalāh, nor attended the talks of Ḥaḍrat Madanī. Eventually, the chief... Continue Reading →

A Craft Which Needs to be Learnt

Mawlānā Sayyid Asghar Ḥusain was a prominent teacher who shaped the intellectual inclinations of Muftī Muḥammad Shafīʿ. In Dār al-ʿUlūm Deoband he was popularly known as Ḥaḍrat Miyān Ṣaḥib. One day Muftī Muḥammad Shafīʿ called on him after the Maghrib prayer. He offered him mangoes, which Muftī Muḥammad Shafīʿ gladly accepted. He brought two baskets,... Continue Reading →

The Status of Low-Ranking People

Ḥaḍrat Mawlānā Qāḍī Ẓuhūr-ul-Ḥasan relates from an eye-witness that, during a meal with Shaykh-ul-Islam Mawlānā Ḥusain Aḥmad Madanī, a man wearing tattered clothes seemed a little uneasy and awe-struck by the other respected and well-dressed people present. As a result, he did not participate and sat behind the group of people eating. When Ḥaḍrat Madanī’s... Continue Reading →

Spending the Entire Night with a Cloak

Mawlānā Fayḍullāh recounts an incident to which he was an eye-witness. This incident occurred when he was studying the final year of the traditional ʿālim class. He was appointed to carry a lamp whilst accompanying Mawlānā Ḥusain Aḥmad Madanī back and forth from the Hadith lecture hall to his home. He recounts that half the... Continue Reading →

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