Today you will learn about the life of one of the best people that ever lived. These were men sent by Allāh. You will learn why they were sent and what lessons we can learn from their lives. They were known as the Prophets of Allāh.
The Story of Dāwūd (ʿalayhi s-salām)
After Mūsā (ʿalayhi s-salām) passed away, the people stopped doing what Mūsā (ʿalayhi s-salām) taught them. They had become bad, so they would get attacked and killed by bad people. The bad people would take their land and put them in jail.
Allāh decided to send another Prophet who would teach them what was right. The people told the Prophet to ask Allāh if they could have a strong and powerful king. They promised that if they had a strong king, then they will fight the enemy with the king. They promised they would not get scared and run away.
Allāh made a person called Tālūt their king. He was very clever and strong. Everyone respected him.
But when the time came to fight, a lot of people did not keep the promise they made and ran away from battle.
One day, a really strong army came to fight the people. So, King Tālūt got an army ready to fight them. When they set off, King Tālūt warned them that Allāh will test them when they come to a river. He told the army that no one should drink the water of the river. Whoever drinks the water, will have to leave the army but those who don’t will be able to stay part of the army. He also told them that they can only drink a handful of water and no more.
As the army reached the river, many of them did not listen to what the king had told them. They drank from the water more than what they were allowed. All the people who drank more that they were allowed, were taken out of the army. King Tālūt crossed the river with the few obedient soldiers.
When the army reached the other side of the river, the small army of King Tālūt saw a huge army.
The person in charge of the other army was Jālut. Jālut was a strong and brave warrior. Everyone knew that he had never lost a battle. A few soldiers from the army became frightened. They said, “No one can save us from the strong army of Jālut.”
The other soldiers stayed strong and trusted Allāh. They were not worried about how many they were. They knew that winning was from Allāh. They knew that if Allāh wants us to win then even if the other army is bigger, then we can still win. They knew that Allāh had the power to do anything.
We learn that we should always trust Allāh. Whenever doing anything, easy or hard, we should always remember that Allāh is the one that has power over everything. If Allāh wants, then even the easiest thing can become the hardest. And if Allāh wants, then even the hardest thing can become the easiest.
That is why our Prophet Muhammad (sallalahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said that we should ask Allāh for everything even if we need to get a shoelace, because if Allāh does not make it easy, then it will not be possible.
Asking Allah for Help
The army of king Tālūt went forward praying to Allāh and asking for His help. They said to Allāh, “O Allāh! Give us patience and help us fight the enemy. O Allah! Give us victory over the bad people.”
The Battle Begins
The battle began with Jālut challenging a person from King Tālūt’s army to fight with him. A young man called Dāwūd (ʿalayhi s-salām) stepped forward.
Dāwūd (ʿalayhi s-salām) had a thin body and did not look like a strong soldier. Everyone wondered how he would fight a strong soldier like Jālūt?
But Dāwūd (ʿalayhi s-salām) did not fear anyone except Allāh. He was brave and trusted Allāh.
When Jālūt saw Dāwūd (ʿalayhi s-salām), he thought to himself that what can this little man do to me?
Dāwūd (ʿalayhi s-salām) went towards Jālūt and threw a stone. He threw it so hard that it hit his head and killed him. When the army of Jālūt saw that their leader was dead, they all ran away.
With the help of Allāh, Dāwūd (ʿalayhi s-salām) killed a great and strong warrior!
Dāwūd (ʿalayhi s-salām) Becomes a King and Prophet
Dāwūd was now a hero. King Tālūt respected him and made him an important person. When King Tālūt died, Dāwūd (ʿalayhi s-salām) became the king of the people. Allāh also made Dāwūd (ʿalayhi s-salām) one of his Prophets.
Even though Dāwūd (ʿalayhi s-salām) was famous and rich, he did not let that distract him from remembering Allāh. He carried on worshipping Allāh and praying to Him.
Even though Dāwūd (ʿalayhi s-salām) was a king, he would still work hard and earn his own money.
Allāh had gifted Dāwūd (ʿalayhi s-salām) with a beautiful voice. When he would pray the Zabūr, which was the book given to Dāwūd (ʿalayhi s-salām), then even the birds and the mountains would join him. Allāh also gave him the power to understand the language of the animals and birds.
The Fast of Dāwūd (ʿalayhi s-salām)
Dāwūd (ʿalayhi s-salām) would keep a fast every other day. He would fast one day, miss a day, and fast the next day.
Our Prophet Muhammad (sallalahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Allāh loves the fast of Dāwūd (ʿalayhi s-salām) the most.”
Iron Becomes Flexible for Dāwūd (ʿalayhi s-salām)
Allāh made Dāwūd (ʿalayhi s-salām) very strong. The people of Dāwūd (ʿalayhi s-salām) would fight with enemies. But they had a problem with their armour because it was too heavy. Allāh taught Dāwūd (ʿalayhi s-salām) to make armour which was light and easy to carry. Allāh made iron flexible for Dāwūd (ʿalayhi s-salām) so he could easily make armour.
Dāwūd (ʿalayhi s-salām)’s Son
Dāwūd (ʿalayhi s-salām) had a song called Sulaymān (ʿalayhi s-salām) who was very clever and wise.
One day, Dāwūd (ʿalayhi s-salām) was busy solving the problems of the people, when two people came.
One of them said, “O Prophet! I worked hard in my field and grew crops. When it was time to harvest, the sheep of this person came at night and ate all the crops and left nothing. Dāwūd (ʿalayhi s-salām) told them to swap the field and sheep with each other.
Sulaymān (ʿalayhi s-salām) was listening to everything that had happened. He had an idea, so he spoke up and said, “The person of with the sheep should take the field and fix it, and the other person should take his sheep and use its milk and wool. Once the field has been fixed, then they should give each other back their things.”
When everyone heard Sulaymān (ʿalayhi s-salām)’s idea, they became very happy. Even Dāwūd (ʿalayhi s-salām) became happy with the idea and told them to do exactly what Sulaymān (ʿalayhi s-salām) said.
Lessons from the Story of Dāwūd (ʿalayhi s-salām)
We must remember some very important lessons from the story of Dāwūd (ʿalayhi s-salām):
We learn that whenever there is something hard, we should always trust Allāh and ask Him for help. We should ask Allāh to help us in both easy and hard things.
We learn that size and number does not matter, Allāh can make whoever He wants win because Allah has power over everything.
We should never think of anyone as small or weak. We should never laugh or make fun of anyone who might be weaker than us. Allāh can make even the weakest, the most powerful!
We learn that even though Dāwūd (ʿalayhi s-salām) was a king and a prophet, he never forgot Allah and always remembered Him. He never let being rich and famous distract him from worshipping Allah. Even though he was very busy being a king and prophet, he still had time to worship Allah.
We learn that even young people can give good ideas. Older people should listen to the ideas of even young people. Look at how Dāwūd (ʿalayhi s-salām) listened to the idea of Sulaymān (ʿalayhi s-salām) even though he was younger than him.